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Full NameArachis duranensis
Infraspecific Rank
Infraspecific Name
Common NameArachis duranensis
Summary of genome assembly project

Arachis duranensis GBrowse genome browser
Arachis duranensis JBrowse genome browser
Download the Arachis duranensis genome assembly, Aradu1.0
Genome Assembly at NCBI
Gramene Plant Reactome

Arachis duranensis, a wild herb native to Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay, is thought to be one of the diploid ancestors of cultivated peanut. Its genome, strain V14167, has been sequenced as part of the Peanut Genomics Initiative, to help in the accurate assembly of the more important cultivated peanut, A. hypogaea.
Distribution of some A. duranensis collections on a world map.

Cultivated peanut derived all of its genetic material from two wild ancestors, A. duranensis and A. ipaensis whose genomes merged several thousand years ago, in a rare genetic event. The wild species, therefore, have half as much genetic material as cultivated peanut. These two “simpler” genomes have first been sequenced toward achieving its ultimate goal: the complete genomic sequence for cultivated peanut.

The cultivated peanut is an allotetraploid (2n=4x=40) that carries both the A and B genomes and A. duranensis (2n=2x=20) has likely contributed the A genome, the smaller set of chromosomes in the karyotype. These two ancestral diploids separated from each other about 3 million years ago. The genome merger, allopolyploidy event, ocurred relatively very recently, five to ten thousand years ago, followed by domestication in South America from where it appeared in most part of the world by 1600.

NOTE: chromosomal pseudomolecules for A. duranensis and A. ipaensis were numbered according to previously published linkage maps; they mostly do not have known correspondences to cytogenetic numbers. Known correspondences are: cytogenetic A9 = Aradu.A08 and cytogenetic B3 = Araip.B06
More on Arachis ... (Download a short review on 'Arachis duranensis, Arachis ipaensis, and the Origins of Cultivated Peanut')

More information at:
Encyclopedia of Life
Germplasm accessions are available at ICRISAT via Genesys (Gateway to Genetic Resources).
Feature Summary
The following features are currently present for this organism
Feature TypeCount
This organism is associated with 50 stock(s):
Grif 14261Accession
Grif 14262Accession
Grif 14263Accession
Grif 14264Accession
Grif 15035Accession
Grif 15036Accession
Grif 15037Accession
Grif 15038Accession
Grif 15039Accession
PI 219823Accession
PI 262133Accession
PI 331189Accession
PI 468197Accession
PI 468198Accession
PI 468200Accession
PI 468201Accession
PI 468202Accession
PI 468203Accession
PI 468319Accession
PI 468320Accession
PI 468321Accession
PI 468323Accession
PI 468324Accession
PI 468325Accession
PI 468372Accession


Genome Sequence
Project Name
Project DescriptionArachis duranensis is a wild annual plant native to Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay. It is thought to be one of the diploid ancestors of cultivated tetraploid peanut. Arachis duranensis accession V14167 was sequenced at Beijing Genomics Institute, with funding from The Peanut Foundation, as part of the International Peanut Genome Initiative. The sequencing stragety was whole-genome shotgun, from eight Illumina paired-end sequencing libraries, with insert sizes ranging from 170 bp to 40 kb. The primary contig and scaffold assemblies were constructed using SOAPdenovo (v2.04).
ConsortiumThe International Peanut Genome Initiative
Sample Data
Stock NameV14167
Sample DescriptionGermplasm collection site: ARGENTINA, Salta, Prov. Salta, Argentina species described by Krapov. and W. C. Gregory accession maintained in Active Germplasm Bank of Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology (Cenargen, Brasilia, Brazil) by Jose FM Valls accession multiplied and DNA supplied by Soraya and David Bertioli
Assembly Data
Assembly Namearadu.V14167.gnm1